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What Are the Best Materials to Use in My Home Build?

(Credit: Taylor Simpson | Unsplash)

Planning to build your dream home or renovate the one you currently have? Hold your horses. There are plenty of factors you need to consider first, and overlooking them might sacrifice the success of the construction in the future. 

One of these critical factors are your building materials. Your selection process should depend on which specific part of the house you’re planning to use them, your location, and more. 

Ideal Building Materials for Specific Parts of a House

Foundation

Your foundation helps your home stand strong for years ahead.
(Credit: Mirko Blicke | Unsplash)
  • Treated wood – You can use this materials for creating the foundation for your crawlspace. Preservative treated wood is the result of soaking wood in chemical substances to make it withstand pressure. 
  • Concrete – If you’re residing in an area with mild to moderate climate, then your foundation should be made of concrete. To make a sturdy foundation, plywood forms reinforced using steel are filled with concrete.
  • Fly ash concrete – This is a great alternative for cement. It doesn’t need much water compared to concrete, plus it is lighter and less expensive.
  • Clay and sand – These materials are used to ensure water that can possibly saturate your property will drain well. Before building the foundation, the land is levelled off using a bulldozer. 

For efficient drainage, your foundation has to be elevated above grade level then the clay and sand are spread over the foundation. 

This is followed by bulldozing to press the material firmly. After two days, the foundation should harden and is ready for construction.

Roof

Build a durable roof as it is your home’s first line of defense.
(Credit: Boris Misevic | Unsplash)
  • Metal – This is most known for its durable qualities. Metal is windproof and you can choose from a variety of metal roofing.
  • Tiles – Coming in different colours and shapes, tiles also make a good choice for a roofing material. They can be lightweight or in standard weight. There are also asphalt, clay, concrete, and wood tile options.
  • Fibreglass shingles – If you’re aiming for a sophisticated home design, these are an ideal choice. Fibreglass shingles are layered with thin fibreglass and then covered with weather-grade asphalt. 

Walls and beams

  • Bricks and blocks – A popular construction material choice, bricks and blocks are sturdy and can last for years (although they may not be very durable to withstand quakes). Blocks and bricks require heavy manpower as they are heavy. You also need a deep foundation if you choose to build your walls and beams using these materials. Porous bricks can be prone to mould formation as well.
  • Wood – This building materials is lightweight and is easily available. However, wood is also susceptible to natural elements like fire and water. They’re also prone to damage from pests like termites.
  • Steel – If you’re living in a region where earthquakes and typhoons occur often, recycled steel is your best choice. Since it’s recycled, producing it doesn’t require too much energy (although it can get expensive). Recycled steel is widely used for beams.

Picking the right building materials for your house can be a daunting task. This should not be taken lightly, as your choice can affect how your home can stand for years ahead. Take time to thoroughly research every material before making the final decision.

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