Garage floors are designed to last for years, but eventually wear and tear will take its toll. At best, floor damage is an eyesore; at worst, they are a trip hazard and can damage the car when parked. If the damage is left alone for long enough, it may be necessary to replace the floor entirely.
Look for signs of damage like cracks or sinking in your floor so you know when it’s necessary to run maintenance.
There are a several factors that can lead to damage to your floor. In some cases, the cause could simply be age, but other factors are also in play, some of which include:
● Vehicle Traffic – Regular traffic from your car causes wear and tear on the garage floor over time. A car can weigh up to 2000 kilograms, and parking applies all that weight on the floor for hours at a time.
● Foot Traffic – Many homeowners use the garage to enter and exit. Combined with other factors, this can contribute to floor damage.
● Settling – As the house gets older, the soil and foundation eventually settle, causing cracks in the floor. If the foundation is compromised, the the cracks in the floor can widen, allowing water to enter and compound the damage.
● Water Damage – Improper drainage can lead to a buildup of water, which can severely erode a concrete floor. Pooling water is a particular cause for concern. Find the source of any leaks and seal them immediately.
● Soil Displacement – Displaced soil under the garage creates a void, destabilizing anything above ground. This can also be caused by improper building techniques during construction.
● Temperature Shifts – Temperature shifts over different seasons can cause cracks even in properly set concrete.
● Chemicals – Oils and other substances that make contact with the floor can cause damage (e.g. stains or erosion).
Damage to your garage floor can be reduced with flooring options that can protect it from stains and natural degradation. These options can also make it easier to clean the floor and hide any surface damage. The available choices can be grouped into coatings or coverings.
Coatings, including paint and epoxy, can be applied over the existing floor. You can also use coatings to cover up some of the damage from cracks or stains to breathe new life into your floor. Meanwhile, coverings protect the garage floor with a surface that can withstand regular strain (e.g. tiles). These coverings are designed to withstand constant stress from regular foot and vehicle traffic.
The available options for garage flooring in Toronto have different properties you can take into account. Choose one appropriate for the conditions in your garage.